Double Cluster χ and h Persei - NGC 869 (Melotte 13, h Persei Cluster) and NGC 884, (Melotte 14, chi Persei Cluster)

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  12" RC - NGC 869 & 884 12" RC - NGC 869 12" RC - NGC 884    
  Size: 2000 px Size: 2000 px Size: 2000 px    
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© Velimir Popov & Emil Ivanov 2013

NGC 869 and NGC 884 are Double Cluster in Perseus sometimes designated χ Persei and h Persei. The two clusters are separated by only a few hundred light years and probably form the core of the immense stellar association Perseus OB1. Both clusters are relatively young: NGC 884 is 3.2 million years old, and NGC 869 is 5.6 million years old. There are more than 300 blue-white super-giant stars withing both clusters, and these two clusters are also blueshifted meaning they are heading towards Earth at a speed of 22km/s. A few red supergiants are seen at considerable projected distances from the double cluster and may either belong to the background Perseus OB1 association or alternatively could represent massive stars previously ejected from the dense clusters.

Image details (mosaic):


Center of field RA 02:20:22 (h:m:s)
Center of field DE +57:09:17 (deg:m:s)
Size 65.8 x 34.8 (arcmin)
Pixel scale: 1.04 (arcsec/pixel)
Orientation: Up is -180 degrees E of N
Charts and image details obtained from
Optic(s): RC 12" with Astro-Physics corrector @ f/5 (RC)
Mount: ASA DDM85 Premium
Camera: ATIK 4000 M
Filters: Astronomik HaLRGB filter set
Dates/Times: 18.11.2012
Location: IRIDA Observatory, BG, longitude: E 24 44' 18", latitude: N 41 41' 42"
Exp. Details: L:5x3 min, R:5x3 min, G:5x3 min, B:5x3 min, (for each panel)
  Bin 1, Total Exposure Time - 120 min (2:00 hrs)
More details: Dark and flat frames reduction
Processing: PixInsight / PS
Copyright: Velimir Popov and Emil Ivanov 2013. All Rights Reserved
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