NGC 2070 (30 Doradus, The Tarantula Nebula) in Dorado

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  16" DCA: Ha-L-HaRGB Annotated map 16" DCA: Ha 16" DCA: LHaRGB  
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© Velimir Popov & Emil Ivanov 2013

The Tarantula Nebula (also known as 30 Doradus, or NGC 2070) is an H II region in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). It was originally thought to be a star, but in 1751 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille recognized its nebular nature.

The Tarantula Nebula has an apparent magnitude of 8. Considering its distance of about 49 kpc (160 000 light years), this is an extremely luminous non-stellar object. Its luminosity is so great that if it were as close to Earth as the Orion Nebula, the Tarantula Nebula would cast shadows. In fact, it is the most active starburst region known in the Local Group of galaxies. It is also the largest such region in the Local Group with an estimated diameter of 200 pc. The nebula resides on the leading edge of the LMC, where ram pressure stripping, and the compression of the interstellar medium likely resulting from this, is at a maximum. At its core lies the compact star cluster R136 (approximate diameter 35 light years) that produces most of the energy that makes the nebula visible. The estimated mass of the cluster is 450 000 solar masses, suggesting it will likely become a globular cluster in the future.

In addition to R136, the Tarantula Nebula also contains an older star cluster – catalogued as Hodge 301 – with an age of 20–25 million years. The most massive stars of this cluster have already exploded in supernovae.

The closest supernova observed since the invention of the telescope, Supernova 1987A, occurred in the outskirts of the Tarantula Nebula.

(The text is taken from Wikipedia)

There a lot of objects, nebulae, open clusters, stars etc. whitin the image. There on the map (Annotated map) can be recognised more than the next 29 objects:

NGC 2015, NGC 2033, NGC 2037, NGC 2042, NGC 2044, NGC 2048, NGC 2050, NGC 2052, NGC 2055, NGC 2060, NGC 2069, NGC 2074, NGC 2077, NGC 2078, NGC 2079, NGC 2079, NGC 2080 Ghost Head, NGC 2080, NGC 2083, NGC 2084, NGC 2085, NGC 2086, NGC 2091, NGC 2092, NGC 2093, NGC 2100, NGC 2102, NGC 2108, NGC 2113.

This is an image taken with 16" Dream Corrected Astrograph (DCA). An image taken with 12" ASA astrograph can be seen here

Object details

Right Ascension 5:38:38 (h:m:s)
Declination -69:05:39 (deg:m:s)
Distance ~ 160 000 (ly)
Apparent Dimension 40 x 25 (arc min)

Image details


DCA 16"

Center of field RA 05:38:49 (h:m:s)
Center of field DE -69:16:14 (deg:m:s)
Size 1.37 x 1.37 (deg)
Pixel scale: 1.23 (arcsec/pixel)
Orientation: Up is -178 degrees E of N
Charts and image details obtained from
Optic(s): 16" f3,75 Dream Corrected Astrograph (DCA)
Mount: Astelco NTM-500 direct drive mount
Camera: Apogee Alta U-16M CCD camera
Filters: Lum, Red, Green, Blue, Ha, OIII and SII Astrodon
Dates/Times: From 3 to17 of May 2013
Location: Namibia-TIVOLI ASTROFARM, S 23° 27' 40,9" / E 18° 01' 02,2"
Exp. Details: L:9x10min, R:4x10min, G:4x10min, B:4x10min, Ha:3x10min
  Bin 1, Total Exposure Time - 240 min (4:00 hours)
More details: Dark and flat frames reduction
Processing: PixInsight / PS
Copyright: Velimir Popov and Emil Ivanov 2013. All Rights Reserved
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